Sweden and Finland are on course to formally apply to join NATO in the coming days.
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After both nordic countries signed security pacts with the United Kingdom, it looks as if Finland is ready to apply for NATO membership, and it is probable that the nordic country might publicly declare its intentions to do so later on today.
However, this decision is one that is not being taken lightly; both nations are fearful of the repercussions of their accession to NATO: which needs the agreement of every single NATO member. Such consequences of their accession could include political squabbles at home - which would weaken their ability to respond to potential Russian attacks on their territory.
Russia has already been infuriated on numerous occasions when nations bordering their territory have joined the military block, saying that NATO is a threat to their security and existence.
The Ruling democratic party in Sweden, the Social Democrats, are probably going to publicly declare their support for Sweden’s accession to the military bloc due to fears that the nation could also be invaded by Russia.
Boris Johnson has already declared that the UK would support Finland and Sweden if they were to be attacked by Russia - which would include military support - whilst attending a press conference in Finland, alongside Sauli Niinisto (Finnish president).
Mr Nissto said that Vladimir Putin would be the one to blame for Finland’s accession to NATO adding: “My response would be that you caused this. Look at the mirror.” After signing the military pact, Mr Niinisto went on to say that he did not view its accession as a “zero sum game,” and that “Joining Nato would not be against anybody.”
Earlier on, the prime-minister of Sweden Magdalena Andersson confirmed that: “The prime minister and I have agreed … if either country should suffer a disaster or an attack, the United Kingdom and Sweden will assist each other in a variety of ways. The support will be given on request from the affected country, and may include military resources.”
Then she went on to say that the deal meant that the UK would provide “military resources” if Sweden were to be attacked; this provision would apply even if Sweden eventually decided not to apply for its accession to NATO.
Mr Johnson then said the agreements meant that the UK and Sweden would “share more intelligence, bolster our military exercises and further our joint development of technology,” after a meeting in Harpsund: which is a retreat for Swedish prime ministers.
In the text which is entitled: “Political Declaration of Solidarity,” confirmed that “intensified cooperation” will be in lockstep with each nation’s current security and defense policies, and that these provisions will “complement not replace existing European and Euro-Atlantic co-operation”.
Boris Johnson’s spokesperson confirmed that the UK was ready to deploy more of its forces to the nation, “including from the Royal Air Force, British Army and Royal Navy assets and personnel.”
Malena Britz thought that the deal restores some of the provisions in article 42.7 of the Lisbon treaty; which refers to EU security and mutual assistance.
Malena Britz said this to Sweden’s TT news wire: “You could say that we are regaining the support we had from the Brits before they left the EU.”
“They discussed supporting with all possible resources, including militarily, and that’s pretty much exactly what is covered in current EU legislation.”
Mr Niinisto is expected to formally declare his stance on Nato today.